University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Title: SnO2/TiO2 nanohexagon arrays heterojunction photoanode based dye-sensitized solar cells with enhanced performance
Biography: Hafiz Muhammad Asif Javed
An efficient photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) should have several features, such as high dye uploading, favorable band gaps and good capability in electron transport. Herein, TiO2 nanohexagon arrays (TNHAs) were fabricated by using an electrochemical anodization process. Then, the TNHAs were attached onto FTO glass for front-side illumination mode operation. The as-prepared TiO2 nanohexagon arrays had a length of 27.25 μm and an average diameter of 125 nm. SnO2 is a promising wide band gap material for DSSCs due to its high electron mobility. To improve the performance of DSSCs, SnO2 was introduced into the TNHAs by using a one-step facile immersion approach in 0.25 M K2SnO3 solution for 30 min. The as-fabricated SnO2/TiO2 nanohexagon array heterojunction was utilized as the photoanode for DSSCs. The SnO2 nanoparticles had a superior light harvesting capability owe to the higher surface area for dye uploading and the high electron mobility. The SnO2/TNHAs heterojunction based DSSC had a power conversion efficiency of 6.34%, which was 1.32 times higher than that of the pure TiO2 nanohexagon arrays. Furthermore, incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) and the amount of dye adsorption (Ada) are also improved, with values of 63.96% and 6.8×10-5 mol cm-2, respectively.